澳门新濠天地手机注册

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    澳门新濠天地手机注册

    澳门新濠天地手机注册:我是中医人,我参与,我骄傲!瘟疫流行,中医中药显身手

    时间:2020-04-05 15:27:41 作者:杜现春 浏览量:956902

    澳门新濠天地手机注册GeYanfeng,WangXuTianKaiResearchReportNo140,2002Overall,China’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganizationisnotonlyconducivetothelong-termdevelopm,however,WTOaccessionmeansfiercercompetitionandfurthermajorstructuraladjustmentofChina’,someoftheexistingsocialcontradictionsandproblemsmayaggravanoverallsenseisbeingmadeineconomicandsocialdevelopment,theinterestsofs,a"Non-ParetoImprovement",especiallythoseofvulnerablegroups,shouldbecomeabasicstartingpointoftheChinesegovernment’ansitionandespeciallytheissuesconcerningtheemployment,incomeandotherbasicrightsandinterestsofvulnerablegroups,theChinesegovernmenthasinrecentyearstakenmanyproactiv:--Inte,inlightofinadequatedomesticdemand,proactivefiscalmeasuresandprudentmonetarypolicies,diversetoolsweretakentoencouragethesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesthatcouldcontributemoretoemploymentexpansion,whilefurtherreformmeasureswereintroducedtodevelopth,,anactivereemploymentprojectwaslaunchedtoensurethataconsiderablenumberoftheworkerslaidoffbythestate-ownedenterprisescouldfindjobsagainandthatmostofthemwereguaranteedabasicincomeandlife.--EmploymentshiftwasactivelypromotedtosolvetheprominentstructuralcontradictionofemploymentInlightofthestructuralcontradictionofemploymentbetweendifferentownerships,themostimportantpolicymeasu,theold-ageinsuranceandmedicalinsurancewereexpandedtothedomainofnon-publicownershipsoastoremovethefearsoftheworkersinth,anactiveexplorationwasmadeonhowtocompensatetheoldworkersfor"contributiondeduction"oyment,effortsweremadetoactivelydevelopnon-farmoccupationsandsmalltownssoa,thepermanentresidenc,thecentralgov,thegovernmentorganiz,theunemploymentinsurancesystemalsodevelopedfairlyfast.--,marketregulationmechanismwasestablishedandimprovedtominimizetheirrationalityintheareaofprimarydistr,personalincometaxandinteresttaxwereintroducedandtaxcollect,,andraisingthewagelevelsofthoseworkinginadministrativeo,,theminimumlivingguaranteesystemwaswidelyimplement,povertyreductioneffortswerealsointensified,andtheminimumlivinggu,someeffect,"twoguarantees"wereimplementedintheurbanareasandplayedanimportantroleinensuringthebasiclivingconditionsfortheworkerslaidoffbythestate-ownedenterprisesandalsofortheretiredpeople.--Activelyharmonizelabormanagementrelationsandstrengthentheprotectionofemployees’,Chinahaspromulgatedaser"LaborLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChina",the"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaConcerningtheHandlingofCorporateLaborDisputes",the"RegulationsontheProhibitionofUsingChildLabor",the"RegulationsonCollectiveContracts,theRegulationsonMinimumWages",the"DecisionoftheStateCouncilontheAmendmentoftheRegulationsoftheStateCouncilConcerningtheWorkingHoursofStaffandWorkers",andotherlawsandregulationsconcerningold-ageinsurance,medicalinsurance,industr,prehensivelypromotetherolesoftradeunionsinrepresentingandsafeguardingtherig,Chinaadoptedthe"TradeUnionLawofthePeople’sRepublic"in1992,andadoptedthe"ArticlesofAssociationoftheChineseTradeUnions"’sCongressadoptedthe"ResolutionontheAmendmentoftheTradeUnionLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChina",tradeunionshavebeenestablishedinmoreandmorenon-state-ownedenterprisesinadditiontostate-ownedones....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.XieFuzhanFullemployment,economicgrowth,pricestabilityandbalanceofpaymentsequilibriumarethefourmajor,’,thosewhow,beingrespectively42percent,36percentand30percentfor1999,,thegapbetweentheeconomicallyactivepopula,theregisteredunemploymentrateattheendof2002was4percent,,7millionjobs,,10mi,placementofthesep,onlyabout8millionto10millionnewnon-farmjobscanbeprovidedeachyear,,inthepastfiveyears,,wingdown,therateofreemploymentforthoselaidoffbystate-ownedenterpriseshasbeenfalling,hasbeenhighallthetime,andmostmembersofth,theunemploymentrateintheworld’sthreemajoreconomicplates–theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapan–,,theunemploymentprobleminmostcountriesisofacyclicalnature,alCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,thepoliciesandstrategiesofthecountry’sreformhasbecomeincreasinglyclearer,fromthe"probing"stageto,theemphasishasbeenplacedondevelopingtheeconomiesofdiverseownershipsandonreformingthestate-ownedenterpr,theemphasishasbeenplacedonestablishingandimprovingthemacro-regulatorysystemsandmarketsy,themarket-p,andtherurallaborarenolongerlimitedtoseekemploymentintheirnati"ironricebowl",r,itrepresentsanactiveefforttocreatenewemployment,toimprovetheabiliti,apparently,createjobopportunitiesforthelablemsleftoverbytheoldsystems,,however,themostdifficultareaistofindemplltBytheendof2002,China’spercapitaGDPwasstilllessthan1,,abouthalfofallthecountry’slaborwerestillintheprimaryindustry,,themedium-termindustrializationshouldbetheperiodcharacterizedbymostdramaticstructuralchangesandbymostrapidtransfero,however,thefastinformationrevolutionhasmade,theconstantincreaseinscientificandtechnologicalcontentsandthecontinuousriseintheleveloftechnology,thoughhelpingexpeditetheprocessofindustrialization,arenotconducivetotheexpansionofemployment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

    LuZhiqiangResearchReport,,2000(Total1284)–,utit,:,aGerman,consideredthatglob,mostscholarsconsideredthatglobalizationshouldhavebegunfromthefirstindustrialrevolutionattheendofthe18thcentury,"globalization"firstappearedin1944,,accordingly,thatglobalizationtookshapeinthhtworldwideattentioninthe20thcenturywhereasthethirdjudgemento,thereareglaringgapsinpeople’sworldwidebecomeincreasinglycloserandthodeofproductionandtheenlargementofthemarketeconomicsystemintheentireworld,therefore,globalizationmeansWesternization,,theLisbongroupcomposingofscholarsfrommanycountriesconsiderthatglobalizationincludesthefollowingsevenaspects:theglobalizationofthepossessionoffinanceandcapital,theglobalizationofmarketandmarketstrategy,theglobalizationoftechnology,relatedscientificresearchanddevelopmentaswellasknowledge,theglobalizationoflivingstyleandthemodeofconsumptionaswellasculturallife,theglobalizationoftheadjustmentcapabilityandpoliticalcontrol,theglobalizationoftheworl,economy,science,technology,,thereislessdisagreementoneconomicglobalization,however,itcouldonlyberoughlydefinedasfollows:theinter-countryflowofcommodities(includingservices),informationandfactorsofproduction,theincreasingdegreeofmutualdependenceoftheeconomiesofallcountries,tcloseattentionwasmainlyattributedtothreephenomenathatemergedinandafterthemid-1980sintheworldeconomy:First,,theglobalcapitaltransactionvolumewasonlyUS$5,000billion,itincreasedsharplytoUS$35,000billionin1992,andisexpectedtoreachoverUS$80,mentCo,thetotalamountofmarketcapitalofthe48largestsecurityexchangesintheworldstoodatUS$31,700billionattheendof1999,surpassingtheworldgrossnationalproductforthefirsttime,andals,itsgrowthrate,,theaveragegrowthrateofgrossdomesticproductwas1%,buttheaverageannualgrowthrateofexportvolumeinglobaltradewasashighas6%%intheyear2000,higherthantheworldeconomicgrowthrate(%).Inaddition,thetradestructurealsounderwentadrasticchange,servicetradeemergedanddevelopedfast,%andaccountingfor20%,,thedevelopmentofdirectinvestmentoverseasandtheotheractivitiesbymultinationalcompaniessurpassedthegrowthrateoftheworldGDPandtrade,thegrowthrateofthesalesvolumeoftheiroverseasbenceoftheworldeconomy,itsinfluenceovertookthatofinternationaltrade,thusrewrit,theworldpoliticalenvironmentunderwentdramaticchanges,,thedétenteofinternationalrelationsprovidedafavorableinternationalenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheworldeconomy,economicdevelopmenthasbecomeanurgenttaskforallcountries,nAsiaservedasamodelencouragingmoreandmoredevelopingcountriestoimitatethedevelopmentm,theformerrepublicsoftheSovietUnionandEasternEuropeancountriesaswellasthemajorityofsocial,thebreakthroughsinscienceandtechnoloessinoceantransportationandairtransporttechnologiesinthe1980sand1990sgreatlyredu,duringthe1990-1997period,thetransportcostofexportingcommoditiesworldwideaccountedformerely2%,long-distancetelephonecallchargefromNewYorktoLondonperthreeminutesdroppedfromUS$330in1930tomerelyUS$ductionlayoutandmanagementpossible.澳门广东厅贵宾会娱乐LiJiangeHanJun,,2004TheStatehasvisiblystrengthenedpolicysupportforagriculture,,grainproductionha,theworkonagricultureandtheruralareasshouldstrivefortherealizationof"twoensures,oneintensificationandoneacceleration".Thatis,theymustensureabalanceingrainsupplyanddemandandstablegrainprices,ensureasteadygrowthinpeasantincome,intensifysupportforsocialundertakingsintheruralareas,:WhileOverallGrainProductionCapacityShouldBeProtectedandStabilizedandaBasicBalanceinGrainSupplyandDemandEnsured,EqualAttentionShouldBeGiventoKeepingGrainPri,%,nprices,thedec,theyhavecompliedwiththerulesgoverningmarke,totaldomesticgraindemandisabout970billionjin,%.Aslongasgrainoutputinthenexttwoorthreeyearscanreach950billionjin,this,coupledwithsoybeanimportandsomewheatimport,hieveddependsontheweatherandi,twoorthreeyearsThesearethegrearsfromtheendof1993to1996andthen,,,grainpriceswillbemorelikelytofall,,,fordirectgrainsubsidymustbeappropriatelyexpanded,ansepricesortheminimumprotectivepricesareindispensable,,thesepoliciesshouldbehandledwithcare,stablishedCurrently,thegrainriskfundismadeupoftwoparts,"poorprovinces"aresubsidizing"richprovinces".Inthepastwhentherewasagrainsurplus,thele,assumethisresponsibility,producingregions,whichisraisedbytheseregionswithlocalfinance,,afoodsecurityfundshouldbeestablishedbychargingacompensationfundfromthedevelopedprovincesbasedonthequant,partofthelandroyaltymayalsobetmesticgrainssoastopreventan"adverseregulation"andavoidweakeningChina’s"bigpowereffect"ongrainimportsPastexperienceindicatesthatthereweretimeswhengrainsweremassivelyimportedwhiledomesticsupplywasrelativelybalancedandwhengrainsweroraisetheoperationalefficiencyofgrainimportandexport,preventaseriousdivorceoftheorientationsofgrainimportandexportfromtheactualdomesticsupplyanddemand,andreduce"adverseregulation".In2005,,tthatChinawouldhaveagrainshortage,China’sgr’sgrainimporttrulyhasa"bigpowereffect".Therefore,itisnecessarytofurtherreformthemechanismforgrainimportandtochooserightopportunitiesforgrainimportsoastoweakenthe"bigpowereffect".

    SunXiaoyuInrecentyears,China’seconomicrelationswithcountriesworldwidehavebecomecloser,anditsoverall,coordinatedandsustainabledevll-roundway,China,strategiesandpoliciesforfurtherdevelopment,Chinashouldtakeintoaccountboththedomest,duetotheimplementationofthereformandopening-uppolicy,,,byandlarge,madethehistoricaltransitionfrommerelyh,thecountry’,,intermediategoodsandresourceproducts,andalsosuppliesvariouscount,230,000foreign-investedenterprisesareoperatinginChina,ketshasnotonlyoptimizedresourceallocationandbenefitedthewelfareofthepeople,butalsodeepenedthepublic’sawarenessofeconomicglobalization,,’spercapitaincomeisstillverylow,rankingbehindtheworld’,catesthattheChineseeconomycanmaintainagrowthrateofabout8percentinthenextfiveyearsandt,asounderdemocracy,moreadvancedscienceandeducation,amorethrivingculture,amoreharmonioussocietyandamorecomfortablelifeforitspeople,an,Chinadoesnotaccountforalargeproportionoftheaggregateoftheglobaleconomy,butitsproportionofincrementinglobaleconomyisconside’,butalsoprovideenormous’,advanceofindustrializationandurbanizationandthelarge-scaleinfrastructureconstitsvastdomesticmarket,itsabundantlaborresources,itshighpersonalsavingsratio,itsreform-basedsocialv,howtocreatemorejobsandraiselivingconditionsforlargenumbersofpeasantsmovingintonon-agriculturaloccupations,howtopreventexcessincomedisparitiesbetweendifferentregionsandsocialgroups,andhowtodealwiththeupcomingproblemofanageingsociety,,coordinatedandsustaineddevelopment,Chinahasadoptedanewconceptofdevelopmentstrategy,emphasizingtheconceptofpeople-first,thedevelopmentofaconservation-basedeconomy,thebuildingofaharmonioussociety,,thedevelopingcountrie,contradictionsbetweenpopulation,,China’,Chinashouldrelyonscientificadvances,takinganewroadofindustrialization,developi,China’,thetotalenergyandresoironment,Chinamuststrivetochangeitsmodeofeconomicgrowth,introduceadvancedtechnologiesa,Chinawillactivelyundertakeinternationalcooperationintheareasofenergya’spercapitapossessionofmosteconomicresourcesislowerthantheworld’saverage,itsdependenceon,Chinawillcontinuetobeoneoftheleadingimportersofprimaryandresource-intensiveproductsandwillhavetoworkwithvariouscountriestomaintainpricestabilityforprimaryproductsontheinternationalmarket.澳门新濠天地手机注册estandardofbuildingawell-(PPP),China’,thenext20yearsisthekeyperiodforrealizingindustrializationandalsoanimportantperiodwhenobviouschangeswouldtakeplaceineconomicstructure,urbanizationlevelandpeople’owthofenergyconsumptionpercapita(especiallywhenthepercapitaGDPwasbetweenUSD3000toUSD10,000)andrapidchange(demandforoilrisingproportionally)lobalizationandloudercallsforenvironmentalprotection,theproblemsfacundwaytosupporttheeconomicandsocialdevelopmentobjectives,andwhatchallengesandpressuresChinamayfacewilldependonboththeobjectivelawsofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandtheeconomic,erentpolicies,weprovidethefollowingthreescenarios:ScenarioA:knownasstandardscenariowherenospecialpolicymeasuresaretakenf::regardedasadvancedpolicyscenariowhereanumberofpolicyadjustmentwillbemadetomakethepoliciespracticaltohighlighttheinfluenceoftheeconomic,energyandenvironmentalpociesinforceinthesectorsofindustry,transportation,constructionandenergytransformation,andtheimplementationofthepoliciesincontemplation(seeattachedtable1fordetailedpolicies).ThedifferencebetweenScenarioAandtheothertwo,,petroleumandnaturalgasunderthethreescenarios.

    澳门新濠天地手机注册:我是中医人,我参与,我骄傲!瘟疫流行,中医中药显身手 ostedtheirinnovationcapacity,productsdevelopmentandprovision,buttheusindustrialsectors,,textileprod,thehigh-endmarketofterminalproductsisstilldominatedbyfore,thehigh-en,thehigh-endp,,from41,500piecesin1990to476,,theproportionofpatentapplicationsbyenterpriseswentupfrom16%in1990to33%,,’,anaverageannualgrowthofmorethan20%.%%,ofwhichenterprisesaccountedfor60%.%,,theRDspendingbytypicalChineseenterprisesinsomeindustriesisonlyone-fifthorone-tenthoftheamountspentbymajorforeigncounterparts,,,39percentofthe23,267largeand,,theenterprisesarestillweakintheircapacitiestomanageRDactivitiesandtointegrateinternalandexternalinnovationnetworksandintheirorganizationalandmanagementcapacitiestocoverthewholevaluechainofinnovation,ounterpartsint,suchasthesteelandpetrochemicalindustries,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandalsoafairlystrongoverallstrength;theindustries,suchasthecommunicationsequipmentindustry,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandanaveragelevelofoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheindustriesproducingpower-generatingequipmentandelectronicITterminals(TV,PC),haveanaverageorstrongercapacityfortechnologicalinnovation(itvariesaccordingtodifferentproducts)andcertainoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheLCDindustry,havecertaintechnologicalcapacitybuttheiroverallenterprisestrengthisweak;intheindustriessuchastheautoindustry,therepresentativeenterprisesstillhavetoenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacity,,,theLCDenterprisesalreadypossesscertain,theydonothaveagreatoverallstrengthandechnologieseasily,ldforstartingcapitalintheearlystageofdevelopment,theenterpriseshavemoreopportuningcapitalstillfacegndwheremarketsarelargeandgrowfaster,,theautoindustryisdominatedbyjoint-ventureenterprises;althoughtheindustryhasbeengrowingfast,,mainlyserveslargecustomersandhasahightechnologicalthreshold,,theearly-co,whichhelpstheearly-comingenterpr,novationcapacities,thestatusandupgradingofenyPeterXiong,-’sdefinitionorbasedonthestudiesofinnovationprocess,boththialinnovationisco(science,technology,productionandmarket)thatcoverthevaluechai,itisalsosubjecttotheinfluence,,thekeyplayersininnovationmustbeabletoeffectivelyidentifydirections,organizeresources,continuetoinvest,chnologicalinnovationandhavediverseresources,namelythemotivationandcapacityforsustainedinnovation,theyarethekeyplayersininnovationinamarketeconomy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

    GeYanfeng,DongKeyong,YangYansui,DingNingningResearchReport,,2000(Total1294),,:whatkindofasystemshouldbeestablished,andcanitbeestablishedgiventhepresentconditionsofChinaThisseriousproblemhasbeendiscussedformanyyearsbuttherehasn’,itisnecessarytoconductdiscussionsontherelevantissues.(I)MajorPointsofViewonthisIssueTherearevariousopinionsinacademiccirclesonwhatkindofmodetobechosenforChina,,acompletepay-as-you-go(PAYG)ge;thatitcaolvesnoincentiveandmayincurconsiderablefinancialcrisiswhenthenation’spopulationismtoindividuals;thatthepracticeofdecidingpaymentaccordingtoincomecanavoidtheriskofhavingtopayunbearablyhighpensionswhenthepopulationgetsaged;andthatalargesumofcompulsorylong-termsavingsthusaccumulatedwillprovideastrongfinancialsupportforthenation,susce"partialaccumulation".Thisconcepthasbeenverypopulheminimumpensionsecurityandfacilitatetheneedformutualcomplement;thesecondpartshallbe"multi-pillarmode"."partialaccumulation"isthatinthenearterm,,tocollectasmuchaspossiblemoneysoastomakeupforthedeficitthatwillturnupduringthepeakperiodofacountbutdefinethefunctionofpersonalaccountas"nominalaccount",whichservesoto’ta"unified"pt,organizationalframeandmanagementmethod,,nearlyeverycountryisconstantlyreformingitspensionsecuritysysandareindifferentstagesofeconomicdevelopment,thereis,onthetargetmode,weshouldfullyconsiderChina’sconditionsands(II)FactorstobeSeriouslyConsideredWhenChoosingtheBasicTargetModeThepensionsecuritysystemistheessentialpartofthesocialsecuritysystemaswellasoneofnationalb,,Chinaisadevelopingcountrywithalargepopulationandalowlevelofeconomicdevelopment;thereisanapparentgapbetweencitiesandcountryside;,pensionsecuritysystemorganizedbytheChinesegovernmentcanbenomorethananelementarysecuritysystemwithlowstandard,promotingtheeconomicgrowthandraisingtheeconomicefficiencyaretheprimetaskforChinaini,socialstabilizerisnottheonlyfunctionofpensionsecuritysystem,whichshouldalsoprovideincentivesinfavourofeconomicgrowth,includingencouragingcitizenstow,becauseoftherapidgrowthofpopulationduringthe1950sand1960sandthestrictimplementationofthefamilyplanningpolicysincethebeginningofthe1970s,,ourpensionsecuritysystemmustbesustainabletothepressurebroughtalongbytheagingofpopulationduringthepe,China,asChinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,thenewp,asChinaisprogressingtowardsanewsystemofsocialistmarketeconomy,attentionshouldbegiventoseparatingther,theeconomicrestructuringwiththedevelopmentofvariousformsofeconomicownershipandheavyburdensofstate-ownedenterprisesandfve-mentionedsixissuesintheefforttochoosethetargetmodeduringthereformofthepensionsecuritysystem.(III)SuggestedModeofPensionSecuritySystemandItsInstitutionalFrameGiventheaforementionedconditionsofChina,eveniftheissuessuchasincentiveareignored,thepressureofpopulationagingalonewouldmakeit’twork,thepracticeof"operatingonblankaccount",whichisnotsubstantiallydifferentfromthepracticeofpay-as-you-gosystemintermsofthewayoffundoperation,wonspensionsecuritysysteminrecentyearshasjustifiedthisunderstanding.HouYongzhiFengJieDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,China’seconomymaintainedarapidgrowth,whichincreasedtheovera,Chinasuccessfu:theeconomyrealizeda"softlanding",deflationwasbroughtundercontrol,structuraladjustmentsmadeprogress,ggravatinginequalityofincomedistribution,ModernizationDrive.(I)GreaterOverallEconomicStrengthDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,(GDP)(1979-1999)andevenlowerthanthe12percentduringthe8thFive-YearPlanperiod,(seechart1).In1999,China’sGDPtotaled8,,whichwascloseto1,,China’sGDPwasexpectedtoreach8,900billionyuan,whichexceededthe1,rategicplanforthemodernizationdrive,Chinahassuccessfullyaccomplishedtheaggregatetargetsforthisperiod.(II)Better-offLifeforthePeople"Abetter-offlifeforthepeopleby2000"wasanimporta,thepercapitadisposableincomeofurbanfamiliesrosefrom4,283yuanto5,854yuanandthepercapitanetincomeofruralfamilieswentupfrom1,578yuanto2,,totalsavingsdepositsoftheurbanandruralresidentsmorethandoubled,risingfrom2,,,withthepercapitasavingsalsodoubledfrom2,356yuanto4,,thetotalsavingsoftheurbanandruralresidentswere238timesasmuchasthatbytheendof1980,,otherfinancialassetsoftheresidents,includingforeignexchangedeposits,stocks,bondsandcash,澳门新濠天地手机注册

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website.Amongthekeyindustries,,whichwas30%,23percentagepointshigherthantheprojected7%,326billionyuan,%,marilyduetotheimplementationofaseriesofstatemacropolicymeasures,whicheffectivelypushedupthegrowthofconsumption,,thereorganizationandrestructuringofthepetro,thesuccessfullistingofthetwogroupsoninternationalmarketsbroug,thehigherpricesofpetroleumandsomepetrochemicalproductsonthedomesticmarket,drivenupbyinternationaloilpricehikes,alsoplayedanimportantpart,theindustry’stotaloutputvaluewas30%,telecommunicationproductsandinvestmentproductsthrivedinbothproductionandsales,,thesalesofcellularphonesposted140%growth,%growth,andcolorTVscreens,electroniccomponentsandintegratedcircuitsalsogrewmorethan40%.Inadditiontothefast-growingdomesticdemand,thequickrecoveryinexcies,,42%,ygrew20%intheyear,%higherthanthatof1999,12percentagepointshigherthanthenationalaverage,,,,%,theoutputoftruckstotaled764,000,,000,%higherthan1999,,000,7%,heavy-dutytruckscontinuedtoleadthegrowth,risingby74%evelsof1999,%,light,%,%,bothcons,ironandsteelproductswere,theironandsteelproductionreboundedtosomee,asthemarketandpricesgraduallybecamestable,,theou,%,%%,thetotalsteeloutputwascontrolledwithi,%,,whiletheplate-piperatioroseto42%,,thoseinoversupply,suchassmall-sizedproductsandwirerods,,theproductsinshortsupplyondomesticmarket,suchaslargeandmedium-sizedproducts,%%respectively,0,pushedbyri,%,%,%.Amongthemainbuildingmaterials,cementtotaled580milliontons,%,whileplateglasstotaled180millionweight-crates,%.In2000,,%,,,,thetotaloutputvalueofthefiveprovincesandautonomousregionsofShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,%in2000,rket,increasingintensecompetitionandtherelevantstatepolicies,didmuchbetterintermsofrevenue,profit,,afastgrowthtrendappearedintheelec,350billionKWH,%,hydro,%,%%,ftheyear,onthebasisofmorethan10%,326billionKWH,%,especiallysomepower-consuminglargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprises,werethe%ofalltheelectricityconsumedandcontributed70%,thereductionandexemptionofpowerconsumptionsubsidies,theconsolidationofruralpowerprices,thereducedpricesoftheruralhouseholdpowerconsumptionandthesharpriseoffuelpricesallcontributedtothefastgrowthofthedemandinthepowermarket....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ItcanbeseenfromCh,,theannualgrowthratejumpedover14percent,,theCentralGovernmenttookstrictmeasuresofmacro-regulationincludingadoptionofadministrativemeasuressu,theslowdownofgrowthduringthisperiodoftimewasanormalresponsetothemeasu,however,,theCentralGovernmenthasshiftedtoanexpansivefinancialandmonet,,andlargeamountsofproductioncapacitiesremainidle,,surplusofproductioncapacitieswhenithasjustreachedafairlyprimarystageofdevelopmentToanswerthisquestion,itisnecessaandfornon-governmentalinvestment--twomajorfactorsrestrictinggrowthofdomesticdemandDemandcanbedivided,firstofall,,theAsianfinancialcrisisin1997anditsseriousinfluenceuponChina’sexportshaveconsti,forinstance,China’,domesticdemandwillalwaysplayadecisiveroleintheeconomicgrowth,fromalongpointofview,theinfluenceofexportgrowthontheeconomicgrowthasawholewillbecomparativelysmaller(asshowninChart2).Domesticdemand,theretailofconsumergoodsinChina’,,,theslowdowninconsumptiondemandgrowthhasitsrootmainlyintheruralareas,asindicatedinTable1.ByHouYongzhiResearchReportNo191,2005StrengtheningtheconstructionofenergyandmajorrawmaterialsbasesandacceleratingthedevelopmentofcompetitivemanufacturingindustryisaninherentrequirementfortheriseofChina’allsignificanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregioninthenewperiod,analyzefavorableconditionsandrestrictingfactors,andputforwardsomestrategicproposalsforbuildingenergyandra’sEntryintoaNewPeriodofEconomicDevelopmentandOpeningupHighlightstheStrategicandOverallSignificanceofBuildingEnergyandRawMa’sentryintoanewperiodofeconomicdevelopmentsetsnewrequirementsfordevelopingtheenergy,rawmaterialsandmanufacturingsectorsFirst,theupgradingofconsumerdeman,theadvanceinindustrializati,thedemandforintermediateinputswillcontinuouslyrise’sentryintoanewperiodofopeninguprequiresasubstantialchangeinthemodeofChineseeconomicgrowthandinthestructureofitseconomyFirst,thenewperiod,andwhetheritcanachiev,increasingChina’sindustrialcapacityforindependentinnovationandimprovingthecountry’spositioninthedivisionoflaboringlobalindustrialchainsshouldbecomeast,,Chinamustpus’sentryintoanewperiodofopeningupanddevelopmenthighlightsthestrategicandoverallimportanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregionFirst,thecentralregionhasrichenergyandmineralresourcesandisboundtobecomeanimportantbaseforChina’,energyandrawmaterialsindustriesinthecentralregionarealreadyataconsiderablescaleandareboundtobe,themanufacturingindustryinthecentralregion,includingthehigh-techsegments,hasasolidbasisandisboundtobecomeanimportantterialBasesandforDevelopingManufacturingIndustry,ons,althoughthesituationisbetterthaninthewesternregionWecananalyzethisissuefromthefollowingthreeperspectives.(1)vidualsavingsabilitythantheircounterpartsintheeasternandnortheasternregions,,percapitapersonalsavingsinthecentralregionwas4,320yuan,farlowerthanthe10,583yuanintheeasternregionand8,,160yuaninthewesternregion.(2)nable,,,’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thetermsoftradeforChina’sindustrialandagriculturalpro,agriculturewillfinditmoreandmoredifficulttoaccumulatecapitalforindustrializationinthecentralregion.(3),thecentralasgoodasthatinthecoastalregionandbecauseregionalgovernmentsinthecentralregionhaveonlylimitedfiscalresourcesandfinditdifficonthanintheeasternregion,whilethatofhigh-qualifiedworkersislowerFromtheperspectiveofsupplyanddemand,thereisagreatersplefromthecentralregiontotheeasternregionaswellasinthefevelopedingeneralandcantrainupmoreunindforhigherwagesandbenefits,somethingwhichishighlyattractivenotonlytoChinesereturningfronanditswaterresourcesperunitareaoflandisthehighestinChinaInaclosedeconomy,land,mineralitiesimprove,theimportanceofmineralresourcesamon,giventhefactthatlandandwaterresourcesarehighlynon-tradable,theya,thecentralregionhasanadvantageouspositionwhencomparedwithotherthreemajorregionaleconomicblocs.

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    ByFengJieXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo139,2006Thedegreeofregionalindustrialdivisionandindustrialcooperationcanreflectboththeresourceandindustrialadvantage’smanufacturingandfundamentalindustriesandthechangesinthisdistributioninrecentyearsandsummarizessomeofthenewprogress,’sManufacturingIndustriesHavePostedaRisingSpatialConcentrationIndexandtheManufacturingSectorasaWholeIsHighlyConcentratedThechangesinthespatialconcentrationindexofthemanufacturingindustriesareanimportantmanifestationofthetrendofindust’s20manufacturingindustriesin2003(alsocalledtheindustrialspatialGinicoefficient,whichmeasuresthedistributionofproductivity,namely,totaloutputvalues,ofvariousindustriesin31provincesandregions),,thehighlyconcentra(),chemicalfibers(),instrumentsandofficemachinery(),textiles(),electricmachineryandequipment()andmetalproducts().Therewe()andpharmacy().Intermsoftheprocessofchanges,Chart1indicatesthatmostmanufacturingindustr,,theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover10percenthigherwerepapermakingandpaperproducts()andchemicalfibers().Theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover5percenthigherwerechemicalrawmaterialandchemicalproducts(),foodprocessing(),electronicandcommunicationsequipment()andmetalproducts().Inthemeantime,therewpment(-)andtobaccoprocessing(-).Inaddition,foodproduction(-)andpetroleumprocessingandcokeproduction(-),theaboveinformationindicatesthatthedegreeofspecializeddivisionoflaborbasedonmarketcompetitionandonscaleofeconomywasconstantlyrising,butsomeindustries(suchastheauto,pharmacy,tobaccoandliquorindustries)werestillnotedforscattereddistributionofproductivityduetoth’sManufacturingIndustriesoverPastFiveYearsLongGuoqiangResearchReportNo080,2002Fordiversevariablesincludingthestagesofeconomicdevelopment,competitivenessofenterprises,thesituationofinternationalpayments,linkswithregionalintegration,andforeignpolicies,differentcountriesadoptpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadwithdifferentobjectives,,policiesonencouraginginvestmentabroadcanbeclassifiedasinformationandtechnicalassistance,financialsupportandinvestmentinsurance,financialsupport,’scurrentpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadandtheirevaluationAsacountryexercisingforeignexchangecontrol,Chinah,however,ithasgraduallyloosenedcontroloverinvestmentinsomespecialfieldsinforeigncountriesina,therewasevenahightideofinvesicreturnsfromanoverallpointofview,however,,ChinaimplementedthestrategyofencouragingenterprisestoengageinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChina,whichaimedatincreasingexports(processingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChinareferstothepracticeofinternationaleconomicandtradecooperationbyspurringandincreasingexportofChineseequipment,technology,componentpartsandrawmaterialsthroughengagementofChineseenterprisesinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassembly,usingtechnologyandequipmentasmajoritemsofinvestment),(1)CurrentsituationInformationserviceonoverseasinvestmentcomesmainlyfromChineseembassiesinforeigncountries,andtheinformationcoversmainlythemacroeconomyandmarketdemandinforeigncountries,,suchasthemediaincludingtheInternationalBusinessNewspaperandtheofficial,especiallythoseapplyingfortheCentralForeignTradeDevelopmentFunds,foreign-aidfunds,joint-ventureandcooperativeprojectsfundsofforeignaid,itisrequiredintheproceedingsofapplicationthatassessmentopinionsbeprovidedbythecommercialofficeoftheChineseembassiesconcernedsoastoprovideinformationabouttheprojectsinthecondEconomicCooperationhaveformulatedandpromulgatedthe(FirstBatchof)CatalogsofProductsEncouragedbytheStatetoBeProcessedorAssembledabroadwithChineseMaterials,andarenowworkingontheDatabankofProjectsofProcessingandAssemblyabroadwithChineseMaterialsandwillpublishitat,theChineseGovernmenthastriedtoincludenegotiationsoninves’98XiamenInternationalTradeandInvestmentFairheldin2001,forinstance,nmicandTradeCommissi,forinstance,providesasubsidyofRMB100,000everyyeartocompensateforcostsoffront-endstudiesandclear-upofsitesforprocessingandassemblyproductsabroadwithChinesematerials.(2)BriefcommentsAlthoughtheChineseGovernmenthasbeenprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestmentforquitealongtime,,theinformationitcollectsisfragmentalandscrappybecaus,thevalueofquitealotofinformationit,t,forinstance,privateoverseasinvestmentcompaniesaremainlyresponsibleforprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestment,,however,,therearenoauthorizedorunifiedchannelsforthereleaseofinformation,asituationattributabletotheabs,,suchasorganizationofdelegationstomakeinspectiontoursandconclusionofagreementsondevelopmentofindustrialparkswithinvestinghosts,hasbeenconductedbyonlyaverysmallnumberoflocalgovernmentsinChina,,(1)CurrentpoliciesonfinancialincentivesChinaprovidesthefollowingfinancialsupporttoChineseenterprisesengaginginprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerials:First,ChinesebanksareallowedtoragEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterials,itisstipulatedthatcommercialbanksandtheimportandexportbanksmaylendlong,mediumandshort-termloanstoenterprisesqualifiedtotakenlyforpurchasingequipmentandtechnologyforbuildingfac(includingoneyear)shallbeusedmainlyforpurchasingrawmaterialsandcomponentpartsfromab,,,thebanksmayadoptvariouswaysandmethodstosupportdevel,sforEncouragingEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterialsthattheinterestratesforloanstosuchprojectsetbytheStateiftheborrowersareexcellentincreditabilityandmanagement,ortheprojectspjoyinterestsubsnessesofProcessingandAssemblingAbroadwithChineseMaterialsformulatedjointlybytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,StateEconomicandTradeCommissionandtheMinistryofFinancethatenterprisestakingupbusinessesofprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerialsmayreceivepreferentialloansofaforeign-aidtype,whicharelongandmedium-termloansishedbythePeople’sBanrestforForeignExchangeLoansBorrowedbyEnterprisesEngagedinProcessingTradeAbroadasWorkingCapital,jointlypromulgatedbytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,theMinistryofFinance,theStateEconomicandTradeCommission,thePeople’sBankofChina,andtheStateAdministrationofForeignExchange,thatthebankslendingtheapprovedforeignexchangeloanstoenterprisesengagedinprocessingtradeabroadshallcalculatetheinterestsatnormalrates,withtheForeignTradeDevelopmentFundprovidinganannual2percentagepointinterestsubsidyfortheseloans....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo143,’sBankInsuranceBankinsuranceingeneralreferstothefactthatthelifeinsurancecompaniesusethenetworkandcustomerresourceso,activelydevelopingbankinsurancecandiversifytheirservicecontents,ex,thebankscantakeadvantageofthecustomersoftheinsurancecompaniesandtapthepotentialofthereso,utilizingthevastoperatingnetworksofthebankstosellinsuranceproductscanreducetheirmarketingcostandexpandtheirmarketbytakniescanimproveoperatingefficiencyandproduce"win-win"resultsthroughresourcesharing,rashighas10percentofthe,thepremiumincomef,SpainandPortugal,’sHongKong,Singaporeandotherplaces,,bankinsurancehasalsodevelopedrapidlyandhasbecomeanimportantmarketingchannelforthelifeinsurancecompaniessincethe,thevolumeofbankinsurancebusinessa,itrecoveredvigorouslyattheendof2005,,ChinaLifeInsuranceCorporationsawitsbankinsurancebusinessrisingby121percentyear-on-yeturenatureofbankinsuranceinChinaandthefoundationfor,thebankagencychannelhasbecomeascarceresou,thebanksareinanadvantageouspositionan,theinsurancecompaniesalsohavetopayincentivefeestothebankinsurancesalespersonsandmanycommercialban,thebankagencyproductsoftheinsur,single-payment,participatingproducts,,theins,eensavingsandinsurance,andsomesalespersonsexaggeratetheyieldsofbankinsuranceproductsanduseerroneousyieldcalc,sarehandledmanually,theflowofinsurancepoliciesisslowandt,thecurrentcooperationbetweenbanksandinsurancecompaniesmainlyadoptsthemethodsof,suchasinquiry,contractsecurity,policyloan,policyamendmentandclaimssettlement,,ngmechanismsfortheircooperation;thebankshavenotyetincorporatedbankinsuranceoperationsintotheiroveralldevelopmentstrategies;theinsurancecompaniesmerelytakebankinsuranceasamarketingmode,emphasizeonthebrandeffectof,romeachother,therivalryfortheagencyoutletresourcesofthebanksbecomesanimportandoperationscansavetransactioncost,ndthefinancialinstitutionsspeeduptransformation,integratedoperationscanincreasethecompetitivenessofChina’,withthedeepeninginstitutionalrestructuringofChina’sstate-ownedcommercialbanksandtheimprovementoftheirinternalgovernance,thecommercialbanksareremoldingtheirmodeofprofitabilityan,,integrgementCompaniesbyCommercialBankswaspromulgatedin2005,,whichwasthefirstinsurancecompanyinChina’sbankingsector,,integratedoperationswillbecomeamaintrendinthedevelopmentofthefinancialindustry.LiShantong,FengJieLiuFengInMarch2004,theDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyResearchDepartmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theAsianDevelopmentBankInstitute(ADBI)andtheDevelopmentResearchCenterofJilinProvincialGovernmentjointlysponsoredtwointernationalseminarsinBeijingangard,ntoftheNortheastTheproblemsofNortheastChinaareshapedintime,,entofthemarketeconomy,,theStateadoptedaseriesofpolicymeasures(suchasinfusinglargeamountsofcapitalintothestate-ownedenterprises),thesepolicieseasedmanyconflictsinthedevelopmentprocessoftheNortheast,butt,toimplementplanstorevitalizeoldindustrialbasesintheNortheast,wemustcombinedevelopmentpolicieswithreformstrategies,promotedevelopmentwithreform,,wemustnurturenewmarketactorsinthestrategicrestructuringofthestate-ownedeconomy;completecorporategovernancestructureduringstate-ownedenterprisesystemreform;setupandperfectthenewsocialsecurityandpublic-goodprovisionsystemsintheprocessofseparatingthemajorandsidebusinessoperationsofenterprises;effectivelytransformthefunctionofgovernmentintheprocessofseparatingenterpriseandgovernmentadministrativeresponsibilities,andshiftthefocusofgovernmentefforttothecreationofgoodinvestmentenvironmentandsafeguardingfaircompetitionenvironment;and,intheprocessofreformingoldindustrialbasesintheNortheast,graduallyestablisharegionaleconomicrevitalizationanddevelopmentpatterndominatedbylarge,psThereareover4300state-ownedandstate-c,theirgrossoutputaccountedforaround70%oftotaloutputofthestate-elopment,andtheimportantcontentofstate-owned,whichcoverswideareasandprovideslotsofjobs,,itisimperativetofindoutwhichcompetitiveareasthatthestatecapitalshouldexitfrom,andwhen,grams,soastoreformandrestructuretheSOEsonthebasisofguaranteedrightsandinterestsrisesProsperityofregionaleconomiescanneverbeindependentfromcoordinateddevelopmentoflarge,medium-sizedandsmallenterprises,,theenormousandthesophisticat,itisimperativetopromotesynchronizeddevelopmentoflarge,,,oneoftheimportantdirectionsofSOEreformistoraisethelevelsofspecializedproductionandsociallabordivisionthroughseparationofmajorands,enterprises’socialresponsibilitiesshouldbeliftedstep-by-step;governmentresponsibilities(suchasprovidingcompulsoryeducation)shouldbehandedovertothegovernment;andsocialresponsibilities(suchasrunninghospitals),sidebusinesseswithnoindustrialassociationtoenterprises,orwithindustrialassociationbutnooperationadvantage,,morespacewillbecreatedforthedevelopmentofthesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,aswellaspreconly,Chinaisalr,thetotalvalueofimportformachineryandtransportationequipmentreachedaroundUS$tsrichhumanresourcesandstrongRDcapability,theNortheastregionpossessescertainfoun,,thereisnoregionorcountrythatenjoysproductionadvantageineverylinkageofequipmentmanufacturing,musttakeintoaccountofthebroadbackgroundofglobalintegration,aswellastheequipmentmanufacturingcapacitiesofotherregionsinChina,especiallythenewcatorientationsofthemanufacturingindustryintheNortheast,identifycertainlinkagesinthechainofequipmentmanufacturingindustrythroughdetaileddivisionofindustriesandmarkets,adoptclearandunifiedapproaches,lEconomicSystemWithgradualeconomicglobalization,,Mongolia,thePeople’sRepublicofKoreaandtheRepublicofKorea,theNortheastisChina’sfrontlineintheregionalcooperationofNortheastAsia,andhasthecondi,theopeningupoftheNortheastshouldtargetonabroaderarea,andaheastProvinceswithItsOwnCharacteristicsStrengtheningcooperationamongthethre,cooperationamongthethreeprovinceswillpromotecross-provinceassetrestructuringandfactormovementaswellasoptimizeeconomicrestructuringinthewholeregionthroughstrengtheningofoverallplanningandunifiedplanningofinfrastructureconstruction,,giventheweakcomplementarityandstronghomogeneityoftheeconomiesofthethreeprovinces,whenestablishingthenewindustrialdivisionandcooperationsystems,thethreeprovincesmustattachgreatimportancetotheinternalhorizontaldivisionofindustriesandmanufacturingindustries,andrealizecompetitioninopposite,thethreeNortheastprovincesmustalsoattachimportancetocooperationwithotherregionsinChina,suchascooperationwithregionsaroundBohaiSea,andwithInnerMongoliaintheareasofenergy,ecology,agricultureandanimalhusbandry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangXiaojiResearchReportNo177,2002Bilateralandmultilateraltradeingoodsisanimpo,however,regionaleconomicintegrationalreadyexceedstheareaofcommoditytrade,andmovementsofcapital,,transnationalcorporationsdeveloptheirintra-industryandintra-firmtradethroughcross-the-borderinvestmenttooptimiseproductiondistributionandfullyexerttheirtechnologyanedinregionaleconomicintegration,differencesineceaking,apartfromChina,JapanandKorea,NortheastAsiashouldalsocoverMongolia,,withregardtoeconomicvitalityandmarketcontact,China,JapanandKoreaconstitutetheeconomiccoreof,,,,economicvitalityofacountryoraregionisnotonlydemonstratedbyitsownrat,NortheastAsiahasbecometheglobalcenterofmanufacturingindustries,leadingtheworldintheproductionandexportofsteel,automobile,,theITproductsmanufac,thepercapitaresourceremainsbelowtheaveragelevelintheworld,butithasattachedgrtinglabour-intensive,easimportedlargevolumeof’sindustrializationanditsdevelopmentofexport-orientedmanufacturingindustriesstrengt,JapanandKoreaarech%ofChinaJapan’stotalexports,andKoreasellsmorethan35percent,wh,thepot,theforeignexchangereservesofChina,JapanandKoreatotaloverUS$,,especiallyaftertheAsianfinancialcrisis,,th,withtheturbulentstatefinancialmarket,,allthethivisionoflabourandresourceallocation,,outflowofdirectinvestmentofJapantookup20percentoftheworldtotal,whenJapan,theUSAan,th,whenover50percentofitflowedintotheEUandtheUS,,,theproportionofintra-regionalF,,itwas,theEUhasbecomethelargestregionintheworldintermsofFDIinflowandoutflow,whichtookup49percentand67percent,,,(FIEs),Chinaonlysharedlessthan1,Chinahadaverybackwardmanufacturingindustryandmainlydepende,itsexportsofprimaryproductsstilltookupover50percentofthetotal,,China’,itsshareinth’sdeve,,’,,thesurplusofChina’simportsandexportsreachedUS$,ofwhichabout1/3areowedtotheFIEs(Table1).ThemainexportgoodsofFIEsweremanufacturedindustrialproducts,–importingrawmaterialsandoriginalpartswithprotectivetariffsandexportingthemafterprocessingandassemblinginChina–,totalimportsoftheFIEsofprocessingtradereachedUS$,whichwere58percentoftheirtotalimports,whiletotalexportsofprocessingtradeamountedtoUS$,whichwere81percentoftheirtotalexports(Table2).ThesedatademonstratethatefficiencyremainsoneofthemajorgoalsofforeigncompaniesthatinvestinChina....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

    衡阳市卫生健康委员会

    Chart1Theoveralljudgmentofenterpriseoperatorsovermacroeconomyfrom2001to2006(%)Thesurveyfindsthattheoverheatedeconomywassomewhatcooleddownin2,theeconomywasheatedupin2006asthecountryenteredthefirstyearofthe11thFi,coal,power,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatpetroleumshortagewas"evenmoreserious".Morethanhalfofthembelievedthatlandshortagewas"moreserious".Coalsupplywasbelievedto"tendtobebetterthan2005",butthosechose"moreserious"areover10%morethanthosewhobelievedit"tendedtobeeased".Likethepreviousyears,mostenterpriseoperatorsbelievedthattherailwaytransportshortage"didnotchangemuch".Iti,%ofthesurveyrespondentsbelievedthatthepowersupply"tendedtoimprove",;%believedthatthesupplyofsteel"tendedtoimprove."ndisinadequateThequestionnairesshowthatin2006,theinvestmentdemandfromthegovernmentsandprivatesectorsandexportdemandreachedthehighestlevelinthepastsixyears,,%oftherespondentsbelievedthatthegovernmentinvestmentdemandwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong".Thosewhobelievedthatprivateinvestmentwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong"%.Intermsofexportdemand,nearlyhalfofthesurveyedbelievedthatexportdemandwas"fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Ontheexportsituationsoftheirenterprises,41%believedthatenterprises"increased"exports;%"reduced",%believedthatthedemandwas"notsufficient"or"seriouslyinadequate","fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Thequestionnairesfindthattheconsumptionrosesteadily,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatthecapacitysurplusexistedintheirsector,butitwasnotserious,%,thecapacitysurplusproblemwasseriousintextile,%%.Thatistosay,nearly23%,%oftheenterprisescapacityutilizationislessthan75%;%andmorethan90%%and23%,pharmaceuticals,transportequipment,instruments,papermaking,plastics,%ofthemhavelessthanthree-fourthsofcapacityutilization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisisafollow-upreportofthe"SurveyonChineseEnterpriseOperatorsquestionnaires2006".

    热门资讯
    三明市文化广电新闻出版局2016年工作要点

    ByWuJinglianResearchReportNo195,seconomicgrowthsincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublichasbeenfollowingthepat,thecontemporaryeconomicdeenturytotheearlystageofgrowt,thh,whichlast,thedevelopedcountriesenteredaperiodofeconomicgrowthcharacter,thedevelopmenteconomicsformednewtheorieaseriesofnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequences,suchastheworseninglivingconditionsoftheworkingclassandtheseriouspollutions,whichwerecalledtheevilsoftheso-called"ManchesterCapitalism".theratioofcapitaltolaborandtheratioofinvariablecapitaltovariablecapital,namelytheorganiccompositionofcapital,theratioofvariablecapital(capitalusedforwagepayment)tivelysurpluspopulation(namelytheunemployedpopulation).Inotherwords,theincomeoftheworkersortheproportionoftheirconsumptionfundsinthenationalincomewouldbecomeincreasinglysmaller,whichinturncausedth,sanalysisofthemodeofeconomicgrowthintheearlyye,whiletheearlyindustrializedcountrieshadallturnedtothemodernmodeofefficiency-drivengrowthinthelate19thcentury,thesocialistcountriesledbytheSovieinthe1920scharacterizedbyaconsciousintroductionoftheearlycapitalismmodeofgrowth,namelythe"lineofsocialistindustrializationgivingprioritytothedevelopmentofheavyindustry".This"lineofsocialistindustrialization"putfo,itwasoutofpracticalneed,theneedthattheSovietUnionsurrsethelegitimacyoftheirlineandsuppresstheinner-partyopponentsinthepartysstrugglesthattheycitedtheexpositionsontheearlygrowthofcapitalismmadebyVlnsectorproducingmeansofproduction,fastinthemeansofproductionsectorproducingconsumergoods,ateinvestmentmadetoensuretheprioritygrowthoftheheavyindustrywasaconsciousapplicationofthe"basicprinciplesofMarxstheoryofreproduction".Stalins"lineofsocialistindustrialization"wasconfirmedbytheSovietCommunistPartyastheonlycorrectlineinthecountrys"campaignagainstrightopportunism",Feldman,aneconomistoftheSovietPlanningCommission,wasauthorizedto,knownastheFeldmanmodel,,includingChina,ismodeofgrowthasfromthelate1950sandtooksomemeasuresinthecourseofreformandopeninguptoalleviateandeliminateitsconsequences,achangeinthemodeofgrowthhasneverbecomofindustrialization,somecountriesandregionsinEas,thesecountriesandregi,,toagreatextent,becausemanycountriesandregionsinEastAsiaadoptedanexport-orientedpolicyandreplacedtheshrinkingdomesticdemandwiththeexportdemandsoastoeasethesl,theexport-orientedpolicyfeaturingtheappropriategovernmentprotectionofnationalenterprisesandthedevaluationofnationalcurrencieswasoftenregardedasoneoftheimportantmagicweaponsforcreatingthe"EastAsianmiracle"eformin1994,Chinaalsosuccessfullyusedthisapproachtoseekavigorousexportgrowthandtosupportasustainedrapideconomicgrowthwiththerobustexportdemand.C,largestate-ownedbanksintroducestrategicinvestorsmainlyforpromotingthereformoftheircorporategovernancestructure,pushingaheadthetransformationofinternalsystemsandregimes,ngmanagementandcompetence,bylearningfromstrategicinvestors,theyintroducestrategicinvestorsmostlyforloweringcost,drivingcomprehensivereform,rapidlyreversingthefinancialstatusfromdeficittosurplus,schiefpurposeofintroducingstrategicinvestorsistosatisfythestrictrequirementofthe8%capitaladequacyratiosetbytheChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission(CBRC).Sincefinancingonthedomesticcapitalmarketisstillrestrictedatpresent,andthelawsandregulationsonprivateplacementareyettobeestablished,,afterintroducingforeigninvestmenthasbecomepopularinthebankingsector,ipationThepercentageofsharesheldbymanyforeignfinancialinstitutionsindomestic,HSBC,INGGroup,CommonwealthBankofAustralia,andStandardCharteredBankinvestedinBankofCommunications,BankofBeijing,HangzhouCityCommercialBankandBohaiBank,respectively,%tbecomethelargestshareholder,theyhaveallnegotiatedacontractclauseintheequit,suchasIndustrialBankandBankofBeijing,thetotalpercentageofforeignshareholdingreachestheupperlimitof25%nesebankForinstance,%stakeinBankofCommunications,an8%stakeinBankofShanghai,%stakeinPingAnIns,thisisbecauseChinasrelevantpolicyisnotveryclearandforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutionsthatarepositiveaboutthedevelopmentofChinasfinancialmarkethavetogetpreparedinseveralfieldsinordertoc,thismightberelatedwiththebusinessstrategyofforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutions,hineselocalbanksandfinallyeliminatingrivals....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ThefiguresintheabovetableshowthatthecurrentaccountsandcapitalaccountsinChina’sinternationalbalanceofpaymenthave,fortheexceptionofoneyear,ysince2001due%,%$,whichwasUS$,foreigntrademain,,theamountofcontractedinvestmentwasUS$,%.TheamountofdirectforeigninvestmentthathasbeenactuallyutilizedwasUS$,%.Increasedforeigninvestmenthas$170billionbytheendofMay2001,whichwasUS$,nChina,ofwhom,,,,,,,,state-ownedandcollectively-ownedeconomicun,,andemplngeinemploymentstructure,thelaid-offstaffandworkers,alongwiththepopulationnewlyenteringthelabourmarketaswellasthefloatinglaborfor,,incitiesandtownshipswhichwaslessthan,roved....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHouYongzhiResearchReportNo191,2005StrengtheningtheconstructionofenergyandmajorrawmaterialsbasesandacceleratingthedevelopmentofcompetitivemanufacturingindustryisaninherentrequirementfortheriseofChina’allsignificanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregioninthenewperiod,analyzefavorableconditionsandrestrictingfactors,andputforwardsomestrategicproposalsforbuildingenergyandra’sEntryintoaNewPeriodofEconomicDevelopmentandOpeningupHighlightstheStrategicandOverallSignificanceofBuildingEnergyandRawMa’sentryintoanewperiodofeconomicdevelopmentsetsnewrequirementsfordevelopingtheenergy,rawmaterialsandmanufacturingsectorsFirst,theupgradingofconsumerdeman,theadvanceinindustrializati,thedemandforintermediateinputswillcontinuouslyrise’sentryintoanewperiodofopeninguprequiresasubstantialchangeinthemodeofChineseeconomicgrowthandinthestructureofitseconomyFirst,thenewperiod,andwhetheritcanachiev,increasingChina’sindustrialcapacityforindependentinnovationandimprovingthecountry’spositioninthedivisionoflaboringlobalindustrialchainsshouldbecomeast,,Chinamustpus’sentryintoanewperiodofopeningupanddevelopmenthighlightsthestrategicandoverallimportanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregionFirst,thecentralregionhasrichenergyandmineralresourcesandisboundtobecomeanimportantbaseforChina’,energyandrawmaterialsindustriesinthecentralregionarealreadyataconsiderablescaleandareboundtobe,themanufacturingindustryinthecentralregion,includingthehigh-techsegments,hasasolidbasisandisboundtobecomeanimportantterialBasesandforDevelopingManufacturingIndustry,ons,althoughthesituationisbetterthaninthewesternregionWecananalyzethisissuefromthefollowingthreeperspectives.(1)vidualsavingsabilitythantheircounterpartsintheeasternandnortheasternregions,,percapitapersonalsavingsinthecentralregionwas4,320yuan,farlowerthanthe10,583yuanintheeasternregionand8,,160yuaninthewesternregion.(2)nable,,,’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thetermsoftradeforChina’sindustrialandagriculturalpro,agriculturewillfinditmoreandmoredifficulttoaccumulatecapitalforindustrializationinthecentralregion.(3),thecentralasgoodasthatinthecoastalregionandbecauseregionalgovernmentsinthecentralregionhaveonlylimitedfiscalresourcesandfinditdifficonthanintheeasternregion,whilethatofhigh-qualifiedworkersislowerFromtheperspectiveofsupplyanddemand,thereisagreatersplefromthecentralregiontotheeasternregionaswellasinthefevelopedingeneralandcantrainupmoreunindforhigherwagesandbenefits,somethingwhichishighlyattractivenotonlytoChinesereturningfronanditswaterresourcesperunitareaoflandisthehighestinChinaInaclosedeconomy,land,mineralitiesimprove,theimportanceofmineralresourcesamon,giventhefactthatlandandwaterresourcesarehighlynon-tradable,theya,thecentralregionhasanadvantageouspositionwhencomparedwithotherthreemajorregionaleconomicblocs.LiZhijunToensurethehealthofthepeopleandthesafetyoftheirlives,protectthesafetyofanimalsandplants,tackletheoutbreakofpublichealthincident,itisnecessarytostandardizeandimproveChina’,China,asamemberoftheWorldTradeOrganization(WT0),mustpayattentiontofollowtheprinciplesandrequirementslaiddowninWTO’s"ImplementationoftheAgreementofPublicHealthandPlantHygieneMeasures".handPlantHygieneControlSystemThemeasuresforpublichealthandplanthygienemeanthemeasuresadoptedbythestatetoprotectlivesorhealthofhumanbeings,animalsandplantstorealizethefollowingobjectives:protectpeople’slivesfrombeingharmedbyadditivesinfoodandbeverage,pollutants,toxinandanimalandplantdiseasesandinsectpestsfromoutside,protectanimallivesfrombeingharmedbyadditivesinfodder,pollutants,toxinandplantdiseasesandinsectpestsfromoutside,andprot’sRepublicofChinain1949,Chinahasestablishedanimprovedpublichealthandplanthygieneprotectionsystemincludingtechnicalregulations,rules,standardauthentication,,(SARS)hasexposedChina’simperfectmechanisminhandlingmajorandoutbreakofincidentsinpublichealth,thelackofunifiedleadership,pluggedinformationchannelsandinsufficient,backwarddiseasecontrolsystem,lackofunderstandingofinternationalstandards,technicalregula,,animalsandplantsnorofferthelatestforeigninformationtothepublic,nortimelyprovideChina’,thesepracticesareoftenblamedbyforeigncounterpartsaslacking"transparentprinciple"and"non-discriminationprinciple",,theperiodforstandardrevisionandreexaminationistoolong,someindustriesorproductshavenostandardsoftheirown,appraisingmethods,,thepresentpublichealthandplanthygienemeasurescannotmeettheneedsofeconomicgrowthorprotecthealthandsafetyofpeople,’"ImplementationoftheAgreementofPublicHealthandPlantHygieneMeasures",membersshouldfollowtheprincipleofindiscrimination,whichmeansnoarbitraryorirrationaldiscriminationshouldtakeplaceamongmemberswiththesameorsimilarsituationincludingthegivenmemberandothermembers,andthenationaltreatmentinproductsshouldbegiventoothermembersintheaspectofcontrol,ationoflackofscientificbasisshouldbetehygienestricterthantheinternationalstandards,theymustbeprovidedwithscientificbasis,oraccordwiththe"appropriatepublichealthandplanthygieneprotectionstandards""ImplementationoftheAgreementofPublicHealthandPlantHygieneMeasures"jectivelymeettheproperprotectionstandardsofpublichealthandplanthygieneofanimporter,theimportershouldacceptthesemeasuresandallowtheimportofproductsevenifthemeasuresarenotthesameasthatoftheimport"non-epidemicareaofplantdiseasesandinsectpests"and"areawithlowpercentageofplantdiseasesandinsectpests".Iftheexporterclaimsallorpartofhistariffterritoryarenon-epidemicareaofplantdiseasesandinsectpestsandareawithlowpercentageofplantdiseasesandinsectpests,,theexportershouldoffertheimporterwitharationalopportunityofexaminationandotherrelevantproceduresattherequestoftheimporter....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

    吉林市卫生健康委员会

    Chart2ApparentConsumptionofProductOil2000-2006Source:ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilTheabovegrowthstructureindicatesthatwhilethegrowthofdieselconsumptionwasexceptionalonthe2005marketofproductoil,themarketgrowthin2006willbedrivenbydiverseforces,,thegrowthofgasolinedemandwillbemainlyattributabletothevigorousdevelopmentoftheautomarketandthenewdevelopmentofth,diesel’sshareoftheoverallconsumptionofallproductoilwillcontinuetobeashighas65percent,andthedevelopmentofthedhofthemarketofgasoline-drivenpassenger,theaccumulatedpurchasingpowerbeganamassivereleaseafterthemarkethadgonethroughadjus,,theremovalofthebanonsmall-enginevehiclesandtheadjustmentof,,theactiveoper,tinuetogrowrapidly,,althoughthemassivereleaseofthepurchasingpowerinthefirsthalfoftheyearwasencouraging,,theadjustmentoftheconsumptiontaxrwi,therisin,duetotheincomegrowth,themarket,theautoprirsthalfoftheyearanfthediesel-usingindustriesDrivenbythevigorousdevelopmentoftheauto,shipping,constructionandotherindustries,dieseldemandwillcontinuetogrowsteadily,withthepacebeingslightlyfasterthanin2005.(1)Thediesel-drivencommercialvehiclesarethemainforceofalldiesel-drivenv,theyaremorepronetotheinfluenceofthemacroeconomicsituation(especiallyinvestmentdemand)vementoftheurbanandruraltransportinfrastructureandroadconditionsin2006,thegrowthofdiesangibleandthefreighttrafficwillcontinuetogrow;therenewalofhighwaybusesthisyearandnextyearwillbeaccelerated,withmostofthepassengervehiclesthatwererenewedfollowingthequalificationevaluationofthepassengertransportenterprisesin2000bytheMinistryofCommunicationshaveallreachedtheageofrenewal;theinitialstageofthe11thFive-YearPlanisthepeinthesecondhalfof2006willbeabout13percent.(2)Thevigorousdevelopmenthippingcapacity,theshippingindust,thestatepolic,rawmaterialsandotherbulkcargoesisrobust,volumesofcoal,ironoreandmineral,theYangtzeRivershippingisthema,centralan,conformstotherequirementsofimplementingthestrategyforsustainabledevelopmentandthebuildingofaresource-effectiveandenvironment-friendlysociety.,,geographic,climaticandothernaturalconditionsandalsoculturalandhistoricalconditions,differentregionshavedifferentconditionsfordevelopme,regionaldisparitieshavebeenwiinthe1980sbuthavebeenwideningsincethe1990s(LiuXiaming,2004;LiShantong,2004;WangXiaolu,2004;etc).Since2000,however,,thecountryhasintroducedawesterndevelopmentstrateg,weneedtohaveafurtherstudyoftheimpactthesepoliciesarehavingonpatternsinChineseregionalaldisparitiessince2000,rman,CVcoefficient,Theilindex,,nalyzeindicators(percapitaGDPandpersonalconsumptionlevels)thattypicalledtoreflectthestateofregionaldev,andtherecanbedrastically,sincedifferentregionshavedifferentpricelevels,shiftsinfactorincomesandtran,regionaldisp,itcanbenotedthatthemaximumvalueofpercapitaGDPforShanghaiwas13timestheequivalentminimumvalueforGuizhou,whilethesamevaluemeasuredusingpersonalconsumptionshowsthemaxim,tofconsumptngfigureillustratesthechangesinregionaldisparitie,theGinicoefficientfellrapidlyascalculatedwithpercapitaGDPatcurrentprices,,th,regionaldisparitiescontinuedtowiden,,theGinicoefficientevendroppedsomewhat(onepercentbelowits2003level).Comparedwiththeearlyyearsofreformandopeningup,thecurrentGinicoeffici:Percapita,’spercapitaGDPinthestatisticalyearbookisbasedonitspermanentpopulationanddiffersfromhistoricaldata,sandsomefiguresareupdatedaccordingtoregionalstatisticalyearbooks.

    新型冠状病毒防控指南(第一版)

    ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo162,cingactivityreferstoinformallyorganizedpublicfinvestmentandfinancingprocesseswherethesurplussocialcapitalsaretransfondepartmentsaresovigorousistyaimedatservingtheprivateeconomyandfillingupthevacancyofthesupplyanddemandmarket,ficultiesSincethereformandopeningup,China’,householdindus,,,theto,,,,ts"supplementary"s,however,thefinancingdifficultythathasalsystemandstructuralproblemsintheformalfinancialsystem,neitherthecapitalmarketnorthefundmarkethasev,about80percentoftheenterprisesregardfinancingdifficultyastheirmajordevelopmentobstacle,andover90percentofhouseholdandprivateenterprise(exceptlistedcompanies),theirowncapitaltakesup65percent,privateloansandcommercialcreditstakeup25percent,bankloansonlytakeup10percent,rivateenterprisescanhardlysatisfytheircapitaldemandthroughformalchannels,informalfinancingactivitieshaveremainedvigorousinareaswithdevelopedprivateeconomyandhavebecomeamajorsourceyrestrictedvarioustypesofprivatefinancingactivitiesandstrictlybanned"illegalfundraising"activities,,theymainlytakethefollowingways:,privateborrowingmarkethasneverceasedthanthatofbanklending,manyurbanresidentsinvestedtheirfundsintothismarketall-sizedenterprises,downstreamenterprisesdelaytheirpaymentsforupstreamenterprises,enterprisesdelaypaymenttooneanother,a,whenenterprise,theguaranteedenterpriseusesitsenterpriypartytodoso,thecreditor’,significantnumberofunderground(orsemi-underground)privatebanksandmiddlemenhds,:First,strength,buttheyhavetopayinterestsforinformalfinancingatadoubleratethanthatoftheformalfinancing,,’scapitalmarketrevealsthatthecostforlistingisveryhighwhetheranenterprisegetsdirectlylisted,orthroughpurchasingthemajor,,,duetohighinvestmentrisks,,,asthesharesofnon-listedcompaniescanhardlycirculate,manyundergroundtransactionstookplace,,undergroundstocktransactionsusedtoprevailinXi’an,Chengdu,Hainan,,theincomesfromstockownershiptrusteeofonly50enterprisesdelistedfromthestockexchangeamountedtoRMB30millioninoneyear,uitycirculationbycertaindegree,theyalsocreatedlotsof"primarysharefrauds".Somecompaniesjoinedtoge,aldoesnotonlyintensifytheproblemofchain-debtsinsociety,,,inter-en,however,,somelawlesspeoplehaveexploit,withsomeloansgrownfromthesizeof"ant"intothatof"elephant",andtheborrowersbeenruined,whichseriouslyaffectedsocialstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1DatafromtheAll-ChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerce.XieFuzhan,LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunLiJianweiByJinSanlinResearchReportNo009,2006In2006,ce,,TendingtoSlowDownFromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,thegrowthrateoftheunrecoveredbalanceofcapitalbyfinishedindustrialproductshasbeenonthedecline,andthistrendcontinuedintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,indicatingrchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRC,theperformanceofupstreamindustriesandthemiddleinvestmentproductscontinuedtodropintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruary,andthegrowthrateof,factorsthatleadtotheslowing-downofeconomicperformancemainlyinclude:First,theproblemofsurpluscapacityinsomeindustriesstillexists,andinparticular,surpluscapacityinsuchindustriesasironandsteel,cement,,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,’sexportgrowththisyearinclude:theworldeconomicgrowthmayslowdown,andthegrowthrateofimportofChina’smajortradingpartnerstendtodrop;tradefrictionsmayworsen;theRenminbiexchangeratemayrisebyasmallmargin;andChina’’sgrowthrateofexportwilldropslightly,andtheweakeneddrivi,thesupply-demandrelationshiptendstochangetothesituationwherethesupplyoutpacesthedemand,,thePPI(producerpriceindex)rose3%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,thepurchasingpriceofrawmaterials,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;(consumerpriceindex)%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,roduceacertainshrinkingeffecttotheenterprises’st,consumptiondemandscontinuetorise,,alongwiththefasteconomicdevelopment,theincomelevelsofurbanandruralresidentsalsorosefast,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,andafterdeductingthepricefactor,%,continuingthetrendofanactualgrowthof12%registeredinthepreviousyear,,inthesaleamountofwholesaleandretailindustryabovethedesignatedquota,%,%%.Drivenbythedemandofresidentsforhouses,autosandelectronicinformationproducts,thebaseforasustainablegrowthofauto,realestate,electronicinformationindustriesissolidandfavorable,ofwhich,thedevelopmentoftheautoindustry,aftereliminatingitsinventoryandadjustingtheproductmix,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,withmacrocontrolandadjustmentmeasureslastyear,irrationaldemandscausedbyspeculativeactivitiesarebeingbroughtundercontrol,,thepriceofcommodityhousescontinuedtorise,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,%,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,althoughthegrowthratedroppedslightlycomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,,drivenbyconsumption,thedevelopmentofendindustriesaccelerated,therewa,localgovernmentsareallhighlyenthusiasticaboutspeedingupthedevelopmentrelatedtotheirrespectiveplans,thedemandsinallsectorscouldbetranslatedintoahugedemandforinvestment,andtherefore,,alongwiththechangeofenterprises’internalmechanismandthefiercemarketcompetition,investmentbye,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,higherthantheoverallgrowthrateofinvestment,ofwhich,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,an%,,thetotalengineeringandconstructionprojectsofurbanfixedassetinvestmentamountedto48,589,anincreaseof9,913overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear;thenumberofnewlystartedprojectswas11,723,anincreaseof4,140overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%,althoughthegrowthofloanswasnothigh,moneysupplywasrelativelysufficient,,ofthegrowthrateofbankloans,short-termloanshaveregisteredthebiggestdrop,butmiddleandlong-termloanshaveallregisteredafastgrowth,indicatingthatfinancialin,thegrowthrateoffixedassetinvestmenttendstoaccelerate.

    内蒙古乌兰察布市纪委监委网站 廉政文苑

    Chart1Theoveralljudgmentofenterpriseoperatorsovermacroeconomyfrom2001to2006(%)Thesurveyfindsthattheoverheatedeconomywassomewhatcooleddownin2,theeconomywasheatedupin2006asthecountryenteredthefirstyearofthe11thFi,coal,power,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatpetroleumshortagewas"evenmoreserious".Morethanhalfofthembelievedthatlandshortagewas"moreserious".Coalsupplywasbelievedto"tendtobebetterthan2005",butthosechose"moreserious"areover10%morethanthosewhobelievedit"tendedtobeeased".Likethepreviousyears,mostenterpriseoperatorsbelievedthattherailwaytransportshortage"didnotchangemuch".Iti,%ofthesurveyrespondentsbelievedthatthepowersupply"tendedtoimprove",;%believedthatthesupplyofsteel"tendedtoimprove."ndisinadequateThequestionnairesshowthatin2006,theinvestmentdemandfromthegovernmentsandprivatesectorsandexportdemandreachedthehighestlevelinthepastsixyears,,%oftherespondentsbelievedthatthegovernmentinvestmentdemandwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong".Thosewhobelievedthatprivateinvestmentwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong"%.Intermsofexportdemand,nearlyhalfofthesurveyedbelievedthatexportdemandwas"fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Ontheexportsituationsoftheirenterprises,41%believedthatenterprises"increased"exports;%"reduced",%believedthatthedemandwas"notsufficient"or"seriouslyinadequate","fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Thequestionnairesfindthattheconsumptionrosesteadily,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatthecapacitysurplusexistedintheirsector,butitwasnotserious,%,thecapacitysurplusproblemwasseriousintextile,%%.Thatistosay,nearly23%,%oftheenterprisescapacityutilizationislessthan75%;%andmorethan90%%and23%,pharmaceuticals,transportequipment,instruments,papermaking,plastics,%ofthemhavelessthanthree-fourthsofcapacityutilization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisisafollow-upreportofthe"SurveyonChineseEnterpriseOperatorsquestionnaires2006".LiShantongHouYongzhiResearchReportNo193,’,,th,Shanghai’spercapitaGDPin2001wasashighas37,382yuanwhilethatofGuizhouProvincewasonly2,895yuan,,itisnecessarytodivideChinaintoseveralregionswhenarestudythecountry’,someinstitutionsdividedChina’,China’smainlandwasdividedintothefirst-line,,avarietyofdividingmetho(i):theeast,,theGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionwasonceregard,,:Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Liaoning,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Fujian,Shandong,:Shanxi,Jilin,Heilongjiang,Anhui,Jiangxi,Henan,,municipalitiesandautonomousregions:Chongqing,Sichuan,Guizhou,Yunnan,Tibet,Shaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,Xinjiang,GuangxiandInnerMongolia.(ii),themid-anddownstream-YellowRiverregion,themid-anddownstream-YangtzeRiverregion,thesoutheastcoastalregion,thesouthwestregionandthenorthwestregion.(iii),JilinandHeilongjiang;thenorthwestregionmadeupofShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;thenorthregionmadeupofBeijing,Tianjin,Hebei,InnerMongoliaandShanxi;theeastregionmadeupofShandong,Shanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;thecentralregionmadeupofHenan,Anhui,Jiangxi,HubeiandHunan;thesouthregionmadeupofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;andthesouthwestregionmadeupofSichuan,Guizhou,YunnanandTibet.(iv),thenortheastregioncomprisesthreenortheastprovincesandtheeasternpartofInnerMongolia;theBohaiRimregioncomprisesBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShangdong;themid-streamYellowRiverregioncomprisesShanxi,HenanandthecentralandwesternpartofInnerMongolia;theYangtzeRiverDeltaregioncomprisesShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;themid-streamYangtzeRiverregioncomprisesHubei,Hunan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thesoutheastcoastalregioncomprisesFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thenorthwestregioncomprisesShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;andthesouthwestregioncomprisesSichuan,,thenortheastregionconsistsofthreenortheastprovinces;thenorthcoastalregionconsistsofBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShandong;thenorthinlandregionconsistsofShanxi,ShaanxiandInnerMongolia;theeastcoastalregionconsistsofShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;theeastinlandregionconsistsofHenan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thecentralinlandregionconsistsofHunanandHubei;thesouthcoastalregionconsistsofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thewestinlandregionconsistsofGansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,XinjiangandTibet;andthesouthwestinlandregionconsistsofSichuan,YunnanandGuizhou.(v);theJingjinjiregionincludesBeijing,Tianjin,Tangshan,QinhuangdaoandShijiazhuang;theJiqingregionincludesJinan,QingdaoandYantai;thegreaterShanghairegionincludesShanghai,Suzhou,Wuxi,Changzhou,NingboandHangzhou;thePearlRiverDeltaregionincludesGuangzhou,Shenzhen,ZhuhaiandShantou;theJiheiregionincludesChangchunandHarbin;theXiang’eganregionincludesWuhan,ChangshaandNanchang;,"threemajorregions"icdevelopmentandtheconve’snationalconditions,webelievethatinordertofacilitatethestudyofregionalissuesandtheanalysisofregionalpolicies,China’sregionaldivisionshouldfollowthefollowingnineprinciples:(1)geographiccloseness;(2)similarityinnaturalconditionsandresourceendowment;(3)similarityineconomicdevelopmentlevel;(4)closeeconomiclinksorsimilardevelopmentproblems;(5)similarityinsocialstructure;(6)propersize;(7)historicalcontinuity;(8)integrityofadministrativedivision;and(9)c,wemaydi,andthereforeisinconvenientforin-depthanalysisofregionaldifferences;somedividingmethodsfailtopreservethecompletenessofadministrativedivisionsandareinconvenientforgatheringandstudyingthedataabouttheirsocialandeconomicdevelopment;somemethodsfailtoconsiderhistoricalcontinuityandruncountertocommonsense;andsomegeographiccovtingdividingmethods,wedivideChina’smainlandintothefollowingeightmajorregions:,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Liaoning,,,theyarefacingmanycommonproblemssuc,whichcomprisestwomunicipalitiesandtwoprovinces:Beijing,Tianjin,,,,whichcomprisesonemunicipalityandtwoprovinces:Shanghai,,,,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Fujian,,,MacaoandTaiwan,thi,whichcomprisesthreeprovincesandoneautonomousregion:Shaanxi,Shanxi,,,,itsopeningtotheouts,whichcomprisesfourprovinces:Hubei,Hunan,,,itsopeninghas,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces,onemunicipalityandoneautonomousregion:Yunnan,Guizhou,Sichuan,,,,whichcomprisestwoprovincesandthreeautonomousregions:Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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